Priority weeds for the Hunter

Note: this region includes the local council areas of Cessnock, Dungog, Lake Macquarie, Maitland, Mid-Coast, Muswellbrook, Newcastle, Port Stephens, Singleton and Upper Hunter.

Weed Duty
All plants General Biosecurity Duty
All plants are regulated with a general biosecurity duty to prevent, eliminate or minimise any biosecurity risk they may pose. Any person who deals with any plant, who knows (or ought to know) of any biosecurity risk, has a duty to ensure the risk is prevented, eliminated or minimised, so far as is reasonably practicable.
African boxthorn
Lycium ferocissimum
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
African olive
Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land Area 1: Singleton and Maitland. Land Area 2: outbreaks in Hunter region except Singleton and Maitland.
Land Area 1: Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. Land Area 2: Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Alligator weed
Alternanthera philoxeroides
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Alligator weed
Alternanthera philoxeroides
Biosecurity Zone
The Alligator Weed Biosecurity Zone is established for all land within the state except land in the following regions: Greater Sydney; Hunter (but only in the local government areas of City of Lake Macquarie, City of Maitland, City of Newcastle or Port Stephens).
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Anchored water hyacinth
Eichhornia azurea
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Arrowhead
Sagittaria calycina var. calycina
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Asparagus fern
Asparagus virgatus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land Area 1: whole of region except Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. Land Area 2: Newcastle and Lake Macquarie.
Land Area 1. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Notify the Local Control Authority if found. Land Area 2. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Athel pine
Tamarix aphylla
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Bellyache bush
Jatropha gossypiifolia
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Bitou bush
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Bitou bush
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata
Biosecurity Zone
The Bitou Bush Biosecurity Zone is established for all land within the State except land within 10 kilometres of the mean high water mark of the Pacific Ocean between Cape Byron in the north and Point Perpendicular in the south.
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Black knapweed
Centaurea X moncktonii
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Black willow
Salix nigra
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Blackberry
Rubus fruticosus species aggregate
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Rubus fruiticosus species aggregate have this requirement, except for the varietals Black Satin, Chehalem, Chester Thornless, Dirksen Thornless, Loch Ness, Murrindindi, Silvan, Smooth Stem, and Thornfree
Blackberry
Rubus fruticosus species aggregate
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land.
Boneseed
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Boneseed
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera
Control Order
Bonseed Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Boneseed Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is boneseed must notify the local control authority of new infestations; immediately destroy the plants; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of boneseed must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant.
Boxing glove cactus
Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Bridal creeper
Asparagus asparagoides
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
*this requirement also applies to the Western Cape form of bridal creeper
Bridal veil creeper
Asparagus declinatus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Broomrapes
Orobanche species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Orobanche are Prohibited Matter in NSW, except the natives Orobanche cernua var. australiana and Orobanche minor
Cabomba
Cabomba caroliniana
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Cabomba
Cabomba caroliniana
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Cane cactus
Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Austrocylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Cape broom
Genista monspessulana
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Cat's claw creeper
Dolichandra unguis-cati
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Cat's claw creeper
Dolichandra unguis-cati
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land.
Chilean needle grass
Nassella neesiana
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Chilean needle grass
Nassella neesiana
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Chinese knotweed
Persicaria chinensis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Chinese violet
Asystasia gangetica subsp. micrantha
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Climbing asparagus
Asparagus africanus
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Climbing asparagus
Asparagus africanus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Climbing asparagus fern
Asparagus plumosus
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Common pear
Opuntia stricta
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Coolatai grass
Hyparrhenia hirta
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
East Indian hygrophila
Hygrophila polysperma
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Espartillo - broad kernel
Amelichloa caudata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Espartillo - narrow kernel
Amelichloa brachychaeta
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Eurasian water milfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Fireweed
Senecio madagascariensis
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Flax-leaf broom
Genista linifolia
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Frogbit
Limnobium laevigatum
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Limnobium are Prohibited Matter
Gamba grass
Andropogon gayanus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Giant devil's fig
Solanum chrysotrichum
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Giant Parramatta grass
Sporobolus fertilis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Giant rat's tail grass
Sporobolus pyramidalis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Glory lily
Gloriosa superba
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region except core infestation area of the MidCoast, Port Stephens, Newcastle and Lake Macquarie local government areas
Whole region: The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Core infestation area: Land managers should mitigate spread from their land.
Gorse
Ulex europaeus
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Gorse
Ulex europaeus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Green cestrum
Cestrum parqui
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Grey sallow
Salix cinerea
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Ground asparagus
Asparagus aethiopicus
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Groundsel bush
Baccharis halimifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land Area 1: core infestation within Newcastle, Greater Taree and Lake Macquarie. Land Area 2: rest of region
Land Area 1: Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land Area 2: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Notify the Local Control Authority if found. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Hawkweeds
Hieracium species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the genus Hieracium are Prohibited Matter
Honey locust
Gleditsia triacanthos
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Horsetails
Equisetum species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
This Regional Recommended Measure applies to Equisetum arvense
Hudson pear
Cylindropuntia rosea
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Hydrocotyl
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Hygrophila
Hygrophila costata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Hymenachne
Hymenachne amplexicaulis and hybrids
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Hymenachne
Hymenachne amplexicaulis and hybrids
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Karroo thorn
Vachellia karroo
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Kidney-leaf mud plantain
Heteranthera reniformis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Kochia
Bassia scoparia
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Excluding the subspecies trichophylla
Koster's curse
Clidemia hirta
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Kudzu
Pueraria lobata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Lagarosiphon
Lagarosiphon major
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Lantana
Lantana camara
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Leaf cactus
Pereskia aculeata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Long-leaf willow primrose
Ludwigia longifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land Area 1: Core infestation area of Newcastle, Lake Macquarie, Port Stephens and Mid Coast. Land Area 2: Rest of region
Land Area 1: Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land where feasible. Land Area 2: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Ludwigia
Ludwigia peruviana
Regional Recommended Measure
Land Area 1: Core infestation area of Port Stephens and Lake Macquarie. Land Area 2: rest of region
Land Area 1: Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land Area 2: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Notify the Local Control Authority if found. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Madeira vine
Anredera cordifolia
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Mahonia
Berberis lomariifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Mesquite
Prosopis species
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the genus Prosopis have this requirement
Mexican feather grass
Nassella tenuissima
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Miconia
Miconia species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Miconia are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Mikania vine
Mikania micrantha
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
*all species in the genus Mikania are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Mimosa
Mimosa pigra
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Mother-of-millions
Bryophyllum species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Mysore thorn
Caesalpinia decapetala
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Ox-eye daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region except for the core infestation area of the Barrington Tops Plateau
Whole region: The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should mitigate spread from their land.
Pampas grass
Cortaderia species
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: Upper Hunter local government area. Core infestation area: Port Stephens, Maitland, Cessnock, Lack Macquarie, Newcastle and MidCoast local government areas.
Whole region: The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should mitigate spread from their land.
Parkinsonia
Parkinsonia aculeata
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Parkinsonia
Parkinsonia aculeata
Control Order
Parkinsonia Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Parkinsonia Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is parkinsonia must notify the local control authority of new infestations; immediately destroy the plants; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of parkinsonia must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant.
Parthenium weed
Parthenium hysterophorus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Parthenium weed
Parthenium hysterophorus
Mandatory Measure
The following equipment must not be imported into NSW from Queensland: grain harvesters (including the comb or front), comb trailers (including the comb or front), bins used for holding grain during harvest operations, augers or similar for moving grain, vehicles used to transport grain harvesters, support vehicles driven in paddocks during harvest operations, mineral exploration drilling rigs and vehicles used to transport those rigs, unless set out as an exception in Division 5, Part 2 of the Biosecurity Order (Permitted Activities) 2017
Paterson's curse
Echium plantagineum
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Pond apple
Annona glabra
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Prickly acacia
Vachellia nilotica
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Prickly pears - Austrocylindropuntias
Austrocylindropuntia species
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Austrocylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Prickly pears - Cylindropuntias
Cylindropuntia species
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Cylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Prickly pears - Opuntias
Opuntia species
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Except for Opuntia ficus-indica (Indian fig)
Rattlepod
Crotalaria lunata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Rope pear
Cylindropuntia imbricata
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Cylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Rubber vine
Cryptostegia grandiflora
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Sagittaria
Sagittaria platyphylla
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Sagittaria
Sagittaria platyphylla
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land.
Salvinia
Salvinia molesta
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Salvinia
Salvinia molesta
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
This Regional Recommended Measure applies to Salvinia molesta and Salvinia minima
Scotch broom
Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Scotch broom
Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region except for the core infestation area of the Upper Hunter (Barrington Tops)
Whole region: The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should mitigate spread from their land.
Sea spurge
Euphorbia paralias
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region except for the core infestation area of Yaccaba Peninsula, Hawks Nest.
Whole region: The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should mitigate spread from their land.
Senegal tea plant
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Serrated tussock
Nassella trichotoma
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Serrated tussock
Nassella trichotoma
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Siam weed
Chromolaena odorata
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Sicilian sea lavender
Limonium hyblaeum
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Sicklethorn
Asparagus falcatus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Silverleaf nightshade
Solanum elaeagnifolium
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Silverleaf nightshade
Solanum elaeagnifolium
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Smooth tree pear
Opuntia monacantha
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Snakefeather
Asparagus scandens
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Snakefeather
Asparagus scandens
Regional Recommended Measure
Land Area 1: Hunter region except Cessnock and Lake Macquarie. Land Area 2: Cessnock and Lake Macquarie
Land Area 1. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Notify the Local Control Authority if found. Land Area 2. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land. Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Spongeplant
Limnobium spongia
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Limnobium are Prohibited Matter
Spotted knapweed
Centaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Tiger pear
Opuntia aurantiaca
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Tiger pear
Opuntia aurantiaca
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread from their land.
Tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Control Order
Tropical Soda Apple Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Tropical Soda Apple Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is tropical soda apple must notify the local control authority of new infestations; destroy the plants including the fruit; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of tropical soda apple must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant on the land, or on or in a carrier.
Velvety tree pear
Opuntia tomentosa
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Water caltrop
Trapa species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the Trapa genus are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes
Biosecurity Zone
The Water Hyacinth Biosecurity Zone applies to all land within the State, except for the following regions: Greater Sydney or North Coast, North West (but only the local government area of Moree Plains), Hunter (but only in the local government areas of City of Cessnock, City of Lake Macquarie, MidCoast, City of Maitland, City of Newcastle or Port Stephens), South East (but only in the local government areas of Eurobodalla, Kiama, City of Shellharbour, City of Shoalhaven or City of Wollongong).
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Water lettuce
Pistia stratiotes
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Water soldier
Stratiotes aloides
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Water star grass
Heteranthera zosterifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
White blackberry
Rubus niveus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Willows
Salix species
Mandatory Measure
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Salix genus have this requirement, except Salix babylonica (weeping willows ), Salix x calodendron (pussy willow) and Salix x reichardtii (sterile pussy willow)
Witchweeds
Striga species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the Striga genus are Prohibited Matter in NSW, except the native Striga parviflora
Yellow burrhead
Limnocharis flava
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries

The content provided here is for information purposes only and is taken from the Biosecurity Act 2015 and its subordinate legislation, and the Regional Strategic Weed Management Plans (published by each Local Land Services region in NSW). It describes the state and regional priorities for weeds in New South Wales, Australia.