Priority weeds for the North Coast

Note: this region includes the local council areas of Ballina, Bellingen, Byron, Clarence Valley, Coffs Harbour, Kempsey, Kyogle, Lismore, Nambucca, Port Macquarie-Hastings, Richmond Valley and Tweed.

Weed Duty
All plants General Biosecurity Duty
All plants are regulated with a general biosecurity duty to prevent, eliminate or minimise any biosecurity risk they may pose. Any person who deals with any plant, who knows (or ought to know) of any biosecurity risk, has a duty to ensure the risk is prevented, eliminated or minimised, so far as is reasonably practicable.
African boxthorn
Lycium ferocissimum
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Aleman grass
Echinochloa polystachya
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Alligator weed
Alternanthera philoxeroides
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Alligator weed
Alternanthera philoxeroides
Biosecurity Zone
The Alligator Weed Biosecurity Zone is established for all land within the state except land in the following regions: Greater Sydney; Hunter (but only in the local government areas of City of Lake Macquarie, City of Maitland, City of Newcastle or Port Stephens).
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Anchored water hyacinth
Eichhornia azurea
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Asparagus fern
Asparagus virgatus
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: Whole region excluding the core infestation area of Nambucca Valley Council, Kempsey Shire Council, Port Macquarie Hastings Council, Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council.
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Athel pine
Tamarix aphylla
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Bellyache bush
Jatropha gossypiifolia
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Bitou bush
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Bitou bush
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata
Biosecurity Zone
The Bitou Bush Biosecurity Zone is established for all land within the State except land within 10 kilometres of the mean high water mark of the Pacific Ocean between Cape Byron in the north and Point Perpendicular in the south.
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Black knapweed
Centaurea X moncktonii
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Black locust
Robinia pseudoacacia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Black willow
Salix nigra
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Black willow
Salix nigra
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: all lands in the region, except the core infestation area of: Clarence Valley Council and Nambucca Valley Shire Council
Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Blackberry
Rubus fruticosus species aggregate
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Rubus fruiticosus species aggregate have this requirement, except for the varietals Black Satin, Chehalem, Chester Thornless, Dirksen Thornless, Loch Ness, Murrindindi, Silvan, Smooth Stem, and Thornfree
Blue heliotrope
Heliotropium amplexicaule
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Clarence Valley Council and Port Macquarie-Hastings Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Boneseed
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Boneseed
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera
Control Order
Bonseed Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Boneseed Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is boneseed must notify the local control authority of new infestations; immediately destroy the plants; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of boneseed must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant.
Boxing glove cactus
Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Bridal creeper
Asparagus asparagoides
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
*this requirement also applies to the Western Cape form of bridal creeper
Bridal creeper
Asparagus asparagoides
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Nambucca Valley Council, Kempsey Shire Council, and Port Macquarie Hastings Council.
Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Bridal veil creeper
Asparagus declinatus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Broad-leaf pepper tree
Schinus terebinthifolius
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Broomrapes
Orobanche species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Orobanche are Prohibited Matter in NSW, except the natives Orobanche cernua var. australiana and Orobanche minor
Cabomba
Cabomba caroliniana
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Cabomba
Cabomba caroliniana
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: all waterways in the region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council.
Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Cane cactus
Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Austrocylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Cape broom
Genista monspessulana
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Cape broom
Genista monspessulana
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant.
Cat's claw creeper
Dolichandra unguis-cati
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Cecropia
Cecropia species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Chilean needle grass
Nassella neesiana
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Chinese celtis
Celtis sinensis
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Chinese knotweed
Persicaria chinensis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Chinese tallow tree
Triadica sebifera
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council and Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Chinese violet
Asystasia gangetica subsp. micrantha
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Climbing asparagus
Asparagus africanus
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Climbing asparagus fern
Asparagus plumosus
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Cockspur coral tree
Erythrina crista-galli
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Common pear
Opuntia stricta
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
East Indian hygrophila
Hygrophila polysperma
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: all waters in the region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council.
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Eurasian water milfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Fireweed
Senecio madagascariensis
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Flax-leaf broom
Genista linifolia
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Frogbit
Limnobium laevigatum
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Limnobium are Prohibited Matter
Gamba grass
Andropogon gayanus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Giant devil's fig
Solanum chrysotrichum
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
This Regional Recommended Measure also applies to Solanum torvum (devil's fig)
Giant rat's tail grass
Sporobolus pyramidalis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
This Regional Recommended Measure applies to Sporobolus jacquemontii (American rat's tail grass)
Giant reed
Arundo donax
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding core infestation area of the Clarence Valley Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Glory lily
Gloriosa superba
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Kempsey Shire Council, Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Bellingen Shire Council, Clarence Valley Council, Coffs Harbour City Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council.
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Gorse
Ulex europaeus
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Gorse
Ulex europaeus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant.
Green cestrum
Cestrum parqui
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Bellingen Shire Council, Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Grey sallow
Salix cinerea
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Grey sallow
Salix cinerea
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant.
Ground asparagus
Asparagus aethiopicus
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Groundsel bush
Baccharis halimifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released in the environment. Exclusion zone: Land managers should mitigate the risk of spread of the plant from their land. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant establishing on their land. Core infestation: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Hawkweeds
Hieracium species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the genus Hieracium are Prohibited Matter
Honey locust
Gleditsia triacanthos
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Clarence Valley Council (Mann catchment), Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Horsetails
Equisetum species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Hudson pear
Cylindropuntia rosea
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Hydrocotyl
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Hygrophila
Hygrophila costata
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: all waters in the region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Hymenachne
Hymenachne amplexicaulis and hybrids
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Hymenachne
Hymenachne amplexicaulis and hybrids
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant.
Japanese walnut
Juglans ailantifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Karroo thorn
Vachellia karroo
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Kei apple
Dovyalis caffra
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Kidney-leaf mud plantain
Heteranthera reniformis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Kochia
Bassia scoparia
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Excluding the subspecies trichophylla
Koster's curse
Clidemia hirta
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Kudzu
Pueraria lobata
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Bellingen Shire Council, Clarence Valley Council, Coffs Harbour City Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Lagarosiphon
Lagarosiphon major
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Lantana
Lantana camara
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Leaf cactus
Pereskia aculeata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Leucaena
Leucaena leucocephala
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: all lands in the region except the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council, Tweed Shire Council.
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Long-leaf willow primrose
Ludwigia longifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: All lands in the region except the core infestation area of Nambucca Shire Council, Bellingen Shire Council, Coffs Harbour City Council, Clarence Valley Council, Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council.
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Ludwigia
Ludwigia peruviana
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Madeira vine
Anredera cordifolia
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Mahonia
Berberis lomariifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Mesquite
Prosopis species
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the genus Prosopis have this requirement
Mexican feather grass
Nassella tenuissima
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Miconia
Miconia species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Miconia are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Mikania vine
Mikania micrantha
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
*all species in the genus Mikania are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Mimosa
Mimosa pigra
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Ming asparagus fern
Asparagus macowanii var. zuluensis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Monkey's comb
Pithecoctenium crucigerum
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Moonflower
Ipomoea alba
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Clarence Valley Council, Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council.
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Mysore thorn
Caesalpinia decapetala
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: all lands in the region except for the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council.
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Pampas grass
Cortaderia species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
This Regional Recommended Measure applies to Cortaderia selloana and Cortaderia jubata (pink pampas grass)
Paper mulberry
Broussonetia papyrifera
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Parkinsonia
Parkinsonia aculeata
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Parkinsonia
Parkinsonia aculeata
Control Order
Parkinsonia Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Parkinsonia Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is parkinsonia must notify the local control authority of new infestations; immediately destroy the plants; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of parkinsonia must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant.
Parthenium weed
Parthenium hysterophorus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Parthenium weed
Parthenium hysterophorus
Prohibition on dealings
The following equipment must not be imported into NSW from Queensland: grain harvesters (including the comb or front), comb trailers (including the comb or front), bins used for holding grain during harvest operations, augers or similar for moving grain, vehicles used to transport grain harvesters, support vehicles driven in paddocks during harvest operations, mineral exploration drilling rigs and vehicles used to transport those rigs, unless set out as an exception in Division 5, Part 2 of the Biosecurity Order (Permitted Activities) 2017
Pond apple
Annona glabra
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Prickly acacia
Vachellia nilotica
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Prickly pears - Austrocylindropuntias
Austrocylindropuntia species
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Austrocylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Prickly pears - Cylindropuntias
Cylindropuntia species
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Cylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Prickly pears - Opuntias
Opuntia species
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Except for Opuntia ficus-indica (Indian fig)
Rope pear
Cylindropuntia imbricata
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Cylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Rubber vine
Cryptostegia grandiflora
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Sagittaria
Sagittaria platyphylla
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Salvinia
Salvinia molesta
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Scotch broom
Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Scotch broom
Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant.
Sea spurge
Euphorbia paralias
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Seeded banana
Musa species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Senegal tea plant
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant.
Serrated tussock
Nassella trichotoma
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Shoebutton ardisia
Ardisia elliptica
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Siam weed
Chromolaena odorata
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Sicklethorn
Asparagus falcatus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Silverleaf nightshade
Solanum elaeagnifolium
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Skunk vine
Paederia foetida
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
Smooth tree pear
Opuntia monacantha
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Snakefeather
Asparagus scandens
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Spongeplant
Limnobium spongia
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Limnobium are Prohibited Matter
Spotted knapweed
Centaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Tiger pear
Opuntia aurantiaca
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Tobacco weed
Elephantopus mollis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Control Order
Tropical Soda Apple Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Tropical Soda Apple Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is tropical soda apple must notify the local control authority of new infestations; destroy the plants including the fruit; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of tropical soda apple must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant on the land, or on or in a carrier.
Velvety tree pear
Opuntia tomentosa
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Water caltrop
Trapa species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the Trapa genus are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
Water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes
Biosecurity Zone
The Water Hyacinth Biosecurity Zone applies to all land within the State, except for the following regions: Greater Sydney or North Coast, North West (but only the local government area of Moree Plains), Hunter (but only in the local government areas of City of Cessnock, City of Lake Macquarie, MidCoast, City of Maitland, City of Newcastle or Port Stephens), South East (but only in the local government areas of Eurobodalla, Kiama, City of Shellharbour, City of Shoalhaven or City of Wollongong).
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Water lettuce
Pistia stratiotes
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region except for the core infestation area of Swan Bay on the Richmond River
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Water mimosa
Neptunia oleracea
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment. Notify local control authority if found.
This Regional Recommended Measure also applies to Neptunia plena
Water soldier
Stratiotes aloides
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Water star grass
Heteranthera zosterifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
White blackberry
Rubus niveus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of new weeds being introduced to their land. The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. The plant should not be bought, sold, grown, carried or released into the environment.
Willows
Salix species
Prohibition on dealings
Must not be imported into the State or sold
All species in the Salix genus have this requirement, except Salix babylonica (weeping willows ), Salix x calodendron (pussy willow) and Salix x reichardtii (sterile pussy willow)
Witchweeds
Striga species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the Striga genus are Prohibited Matter in NSW, except the native Striga parviflora
Yellow bells
Tecoma stans
Regional Recommended Measure
Exclusion zone: whole region excluding the core infestation area of Richmond Valley Council, Ballina Shire Council, Lismore Council, Kyogle Council, Byron Shire Council and Tweed Shire Council
Whole region: The plant or parts of the plant should not be traded, carried, grown or released into the environment. Exclusion zone: The plant should be eradicated from the land and the land kept free of the plant. Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Core infestation area: Land managers should reduce impacts from the plant on priority assets.
Yellow burrhead
Limnocharis flava
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries

The content provided here is for information purposes only and is taken from the Biosecurity Act 2015 and its subordinate legislation, and the Regional Strategic Weed Management Plans (published by each Local Land Services region in NSW). It describes the state and regional priorities for weeds in New South Wales, Australia.