European hackberry (Celtis australis)

Also known as: nettle tree



In Australia, European hackberry invades woodland, urban areas, river margins and pine plantations.


It is grown as shade or street tree but has been spread by birds and now invades woodlands, urban rivers and forests.   


Blood, Kate (2001), Environmental weeds: a field guide for SE Australia.

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Herbicide options

Contact your local council weeds officer for control advice for European hackberry (Celtis australis).

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Biosecurity duty

The content provided here is for information purposes only and is taken from the Biosecurity Act 2015 and its subordinate legislation, and the Regional Strategic Weed Management Plans (published by each Local Land Services region in NSW). It describes the state and regional priorities for weeds in New South Wales, Australia.

Area Duty
All of NSW General Biosecurity Duty
All plants are regulated with a general biosecurity duty to prevent, eliminate or minimise any biosecurity risk they may pose. Any person who deals with any plant, who knows (or ought to know) of any biosecurity risk, has a duty to ensure the risk is prevented, eliminated or minimised, so far as is reasonably practicable.

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Reviewed 2014