Hemlock (Conium maculatum)

Profile

Impact

Hemlock is a robust biennial herb growing 1-2.5 metres high, with hollow stems that have reddish-brown or purple spots on the outer surface. The leaves have a sharp offensive odour when crushed.

It is a weed of disturbed areas, often occurring near stockyards and along roadsides and riverbanks.

Hemlock is native to Europe, China and northern Africa.

Toxicity

Hemlock is highly toxic to livestock and humans, but is avoided by livestock. In humans it is capable of causing serious illness or death, and all parts of the plant are poisonous when ingested. Symptoms include nervousness, trembling and then respiratory distress. 

What to do if poisoning occurs:

  • If the patient is unconscious, unresponsive or having difficulty breathing dial 000 or get to the emergency section of a hospital immediately.
  • If the patient is conscious and responsive call the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26 or your doctor.
  • If going to a hospital take a piece of the plant for identification.

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Control

Herbicide options

WARNING - ALWAYS READ THE LABEL
Users of agricultural or veterinary chemical products must always read the label and any permit, before using the product, and strictly comply with the directions on the label and the conditions of any permit. Users are not absolved from compliance with the directions on the label or the conditions of the permit by reason of any statement made or not made in this information. To view permits or product labels go to the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority website www.apvma.gov.au

See Using herbicides for more information.


MCPA 340 g/L + Dicamba 80 g/L (Kamba® M)
Rate: 80 mL per 15 L of water
Comments: Knapsack spray.
Withholding period: 7 days.
Herbicide group: I, Disruptors of plant cell growth (synthetic auxins)
Resistance risk: Moderate


MCPA 340 g/L + Dicamba 80 g/L (Kamba® M)
Rate: 350 mL per 100 L of water
Comments: High volume spot spray.
Withholding period: 7 days.
Herbicide group: I, Disruptors of plant cell growth (synthetic auxins)
Resistance risk: Moderate


MCPA 340 g/L + Dicamba 80 g/L (Kamba® M)
Rate: 5.2 L/ha
Comments: Boom spray rate. Young active growth, repeat treatments may be necessary.
Withholding period: 7 days.
Herbicide group: I, Disruptors of plant cell growth (synthetic auxins)
Resistance risk: Moderate


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Biosecurity duty

The content provided here is for information purposes only and is taken from the Biosecurity Act 2015 and its subordinate legislation, and the Regional Strategic Weed Management Plans (published by each Local Land Services region in NSW). It describes the state and regional priorities for weeds in New South Wales, Australia.

Area Duty
All of NSW General Biosecurity Duty
All plants are regulated with a general biosecurity duty to prevent, eliminate or minimise any biosecurity risk they may pose. Any person who deals with any plant, who knows (or ought to know) of any biosecurity risk, has a duty to ensure the risk is prevented, eliminated or minimised, so far as is reasonably practicable.

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Reviewed 2014