Priority weeds for the Hunter

Note: this region includes the local council areas of Cessnock, Dungog, Lake Macquarie, Maitland, Mid-Coast, Muswellbrook, Newcastle, Port Stephens, Singleton and Upper Hunter.

Weed Duty
All plants General Biosecurity Duty
All pest plants are regulated with a general biosecurity duty to prevent, eliminate or minimise any biosecurity risk they may pose. Any person who deals with any plant, who knows (or ought to know) of any biosecurity risk, has a duty to ensure the risk is prevented, eliminated or minimised, so far as is reasonably practicable.
Aaron's beard prickly pear
Opuntia leucotricha
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Aaron's beard prickly pear
Opuntia leucotricha
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
African boxthorn
Lycium ferocissimum
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
African boxthorn
Lycium ferocissimum
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes parts of: Muswellbrook Local Government Area, Upper Hunter Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
African lovegrass
Eragrostis curvula
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
African olive
Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes parts of: Dungog Local Government Area, Lake Macquarie Local Government Area Maitland Local Government Area, MidCoast Local Government Area, Port Stephens Local Government Area, Singleton Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Alligator weed
Alternanthera philoxeroides
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Alligator weed
Alternanthera philoxeroides
Biosecurity Zone
The Alligator Weed Biosecurity Zone is established for all land within the state except land in the following regions: Greater Sydney; Hunter (but only in the local government areas of City of Lake Macquarie, City of Maitland, City of Newcastle or Port Stephens).
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Alligator weed
Alternanthera philoxeroides
Regional Recommended Measure
An Alligator Weed Biosecurity Zone is established for all land within the Hunter Local Land Services region except land in the following local government areas: Lake Macquarie Local Government Area, Maitland Local Government Area, Newcastle Local Government Area, Port Stephens Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: A person must not, import into the State or sell. Within the biosecurity zone: If the weed is part of a new infestation of the weed on the land, notify the local control authority for the land as soon as practicable. Eradicate the weed or, if that is not practicable, destroy as much of the weed as is practicable and suppress the spread of any remaining weed. Outside the biosecurity zone: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Anchored water hyacinth
Eichhornia azurea
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Arrowhead
Sagittaria calycina var. calycina
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Asparagus fern
Asparagus virgatus
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes parts of: MidCoast Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Athel pine
Tamarix aphylla
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Bitou bush
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Bitou bush
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata
Biosecurity Zone
The Bitou Bush Biosecurity Zone is established for all land within the State except land within 10 kilometres of the mean high water mark of the Pacific Ocean between Cape Byron in the north and Point Perpendicular in the south.
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Bitou bush
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata
Regional Recommended Measure
A Bitou Bush Biosecurity Zone is established for all land within the Hunter Local Land Services Region except land within 10 kilometres of the mean high water mark of the Pacific Ocean, which includes parts of: Lake Macquarie Local Government Area, MidCoast Local Government Area, Newcastle Local Government Area, Port Stephens Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: A person must not, import into the State or sell. Within the biosecurity zone: If the weed is part of a new infestation of the weed on the land, notify the local control authority for the land as soon as practicable. Eradicate the weed or, if that is not practicable, destroy as much of the weed as is practicable and suppress the spread of any remaining weed. Outside the biosecurity zone: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Black knapweed
Centaurea x moncktonii
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Black locust
Robinia pseudoacacia
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes all urban centres of the Hunter region.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Black willow
Salix nigra
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Blackberry
Rubus fruticosus species aggregate
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
All species in the Rubus fruiticosus species aggregate have this requirement, except for the varietals Black Satin, Chehalem, Chester Thornless, Dirksen Thornless, Loch Ness, Murrindindi, Silvan, Smooth Stem, and Thornfree
Blackberry
Rubus fruticosus species aggregate
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Blind cactus
Opuntia rufida
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Blind cactus
Opuntia rufida
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Blue heliotrope
Heliotropium amplexicaule
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Blue periwinkle
Vinca major
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Boneseed
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Boneseed
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera
Control Order
Boneseed Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Boneseed Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is boneseed must notify the local control authority of new infestations; immediately destroy the plants; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of boneseed must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant.
Boxing glove cactus
Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Boxing glove cactus
Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Bridal creeper
Asparagus asparagoides
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
*this requirement also applies to the Western Cape form of bridal creeper
Bridal creeper
Asparagus asparagoides
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes: Dungog Local Government Area, Lake Macquarie Local Government Area, Cessnock Local Government Area, MidCoast Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Bridal veil creeper
Asparagus declinatus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Broad-leaf pepper tree
Schinus terebinthifolius
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Broomrapes
Orobanche species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Orobanche are Prohibited Matter in NSW, except Clover broomrape, Orobanche minor and Australian broomrape, Orobanche cernua var. australiana.
Brown-spined Hudson pear
Cylindropuntia tunicata
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Bunny ears cactus
Opuntia microdasys
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Bunny ears cactus
Opuntia microdasys
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Cabomba
Cabomba caroliniana
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Cabomba
Cabomba caroliniana
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Camphor laurel
Cinnamomum camphora
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Cane cactus
Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
All species in the Austrocylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Cane cactus
Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Cape broom
Genista monspessulana
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Cape broom
Genista monspessulana
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Cat's claw creeper
Dolichandra unguis-cati
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Cat's claw creeper
Dolichandra unguis-cati
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Chicken dance cactus
Opuntia schickendantzii
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Chicken dance cactus
Opuntia schickendantzii
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Chilean needle grass
Nassella neesiana
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Chilean needle grass
Nassella neesiana
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Chinese celtis
Celtis sinensis
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Chinese knotweed
Persicaria chinensis
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Chinese tallow tree
Triadica sebifera
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes all urban centres of the Hunter region.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Chinese violet
Asystasia gangetica subsp. micrantha
Control Order
Owners and occupiers of land on which there is Chinese violet must notify the local control authority for the area if the Chinese violet is part of a new infestation on the land, destroy all Chinese violet on the land ensuring that subsequent generations of Chinese violet are destroyed; and keep the land free of Chinese violet. A person who deals with a carrier of Chinese violet must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant on the land, or on or in a carrier.
Climbing asparagus
Asparagus africanus
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Climbing asparagus
Asparagus africanus
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Climbing asparagus fern
Asparagus plumosus
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Cockspur coral tree
Erythrina crista-galli
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Common pear
Opuntia stricta
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Common pear
Opuntia stricta
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Coolatai grass
Hyparrhenia hirta
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Coral creeper
Barleria repens
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster glaucophyllus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Crofton weed
Ageratina adenophora
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
East Indian hygrophila
Hygrophila polysperma
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Espartillo - broad kernel
Amelichloa caudata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Espartillo - narrow kernel
Amelichloa brachychaeta
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Eurasian water milfoil
Myriophyllum spicatum
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Eve's needle cactus
Austrocylindropuntia subulata
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
All species in the Austrocylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Eve's needle cactus
Austrocylindropuntia subulata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Fireweed
Senecio madagascariensis
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Flax-leaf broom
Genista linifolia
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Foxtail fern
Asparagus densiflorus
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Frogbit
Limnobium laevigatum
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Limnobium are Prohibited Matter
Galenia
Galenia pubescens
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes parts of: Lake Macquarie Local Government Area, Maitland Local Government Area, Muswellbrook Local Government Area, Newcastle Local Government Area, Singleton Local Government Area, Upper Hunter Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Gamba grass
Andropogon gayanus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Giant devil's fig
Solanum chrysotrichum
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Giant Parramatta grass
Sporobolus fertilis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Giant rat's tail grass
Sporobolus pyramidalis
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Giant reed
Arundo donax
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Glory lily
Gloriosa superba
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Gorse
Ulex europaeus
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Gorse
Ulex europaeus
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Green cestrum
Cestrum parqui
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Grey sallow
Salix cinerea
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Ground asparagus
Asparagus aethiopicus
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Ground asparagus
Asparagus aethiopicus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Groundsel bush
Baccharis halimifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Harrisia cactus
Harrisia species
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Hawkweeds - Hieraciums
Hieracium species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the genus Hieracium are Prohibited Matter except for Hieracium murorum (wall hawkweed).
Hawkweeds - Pilosellas
Pilosella species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the genus Pilosella are Prohibited Matter
Honey locust
Gleditsia triacanthos
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes: Lake Macquarie Local Government Area, Newcastle Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Horsetails
Equisetum species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
This Regional Recommended Measure applies to Equisetum arvense
Hudson pear
Cylindropuntia pallida
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Hudson pear
Cylindropuntia pallida
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Hydrocotyl
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Hygrophila
Hygrophila costata
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Hymenachne
Hymenachne amplexicaulis and hybrids
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Hymenachne
Hymenachne amplexicaulis and hybrids
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Karoo acacia
Vachellia karroo
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Kidney-leaf mud plantain
Heteranthera reniformis
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
King devil hawkweed
Pilosella piloselloides
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the genus Pilosella are Prohibited Matter
Kochia
Bassia scoparia
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Excluding the subspecies trichophylla
Koster's curse
Clidemia hirta
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Kudzu
Pueraria lobata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Lagarosiphon
Lagarosiphon major
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Lantana
Lantana camara
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Lantana
Lantana camara
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Leaf cactus
Pereskia aculeata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Long-leaf willow primrose
Ludwigia longifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Ludwigia
Ludwigia peruviana
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Madeira vine
Anredera cordifolia
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Mahonia
Berberis lomariifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Mesquite
Prosopis species
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
All species in the genus Prosopis have this requirement
Mexican feather grass
Nassella tenuissima
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Miconia
Miconia species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Miconia are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Mikania vine
Mikania micrantha
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
*all species in the genus Mikania are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Mimosa
Mimosa pigra
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Ming asparagus fern
Asparagus macowanii
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Mistflower
Ageratina riparia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Mother-of-millions
Bryophyllum species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Mouse-ear hawkweed
Pilosella officinarum
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the genus Pilosella are Prohibited Matter
Mysore thorn
Caesalpinia decapetala
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Nodding thistle
Carduus nutans subsp. nutans
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Orange hawkweed
Pilosella aurantiaca
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the genus Pilosella are Prohibited Matter
Ox-eye daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Pampas grass
Cortaderia species
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes parts of: Lake Macquarie Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Parkinsonia
Parkinsonia aculeata
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Parkinsonia
Parkinsonia aculeata
Control Order
Parkinsonia Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Parkinsonia Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is parkinsonia must notify the local control authority of new infestations; immediately destroy the plants; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of parkinsonia must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant.
Parthenium weed
Parthenium hysterophorus
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Parthenium weed
Parthenium hysterophorus
Prohibition on certain dealings
The following equipment must not be imported into NSW from Queensland: grain harvesters (including the comb or front), comb trailers (including the comb or front), bins used for holding grain during harvest operations, augers or similar for moving grain, vehicles used to transport grain harvesters, support vehicles driven in paddocks during harvest operations, mineral exploration drilling rigs and vehicles used to transport those rigs, unless set out as an exception in Division 5, Part 2 of the Biosecurity Order (Permitted Activities) 2017
Paterson's curse
Echium plantagineum
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes parts of: Dungog Local Government Area, Maitland Local Government Area, Muswellbrook Local Government Area, Singleton Local Government Area, Upper Hunter Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Plume poppy
Bocconia frutescens
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Pond apple
Annona glabra
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Prickly acacia
Vachellia nilotica
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Prickly pears - Austrocylindropuntias
Austrocylindropuntia species
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
All species in the Austrocylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Prickly pears - Austrocylindropuntias
Austrocylindropuntia species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Prickly pears - Cylindropuntias
Cylindropuntia species
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
All species in the Cylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Prickly pears - Cylindropuntias
Cylindropuntia species
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Prickly pears - Opuntias
Opuntia species
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
For all Opuntia species except for Opuntia ficus-indica (Indian fig).
Prickly pears - Opuntias
Opuntia species
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
This Regional Recommended Measure applies to all species of Opuntia except for Opuntia ficus-indica. (Indian fig).
Rattlepod
Crotalaria beddomeana
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Rhus tree
Toxicodendron succedaneum
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Riverina pear
Opuntia elata
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Riverina pear
Opuntia elata
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Rope pear
Cylindropuntia imbricata
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
All species in the Cylindropuntia genus have this requirement
Rope pear
Cylindropuntia imbricata
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Rubber vine
Cryptostegia grandiflora
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Sagittaria
Sagittaria platyphylla
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Sagittaria
Sagittaria platyphylla
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Salvinia
Salvinia molesta
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Salvinia
Salvinia molesta
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes parts of: Lake Macquarie Local Government Area, MidCoast Local Government Area, Port Stephens Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
This Regional Recommended Measure applies to Salvinia molesta and Salvinia minima
Scotch broom
Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Scotch broom
Cytisus scoparius subsp. scoparius
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except the core infestation which includes parts of: MidCoast Local Government Area, Upper Hunter Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Sea spurge
Euphorbia paralias
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Senegal tea plant
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Serrated tussock
Nassella trichotoma
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Serrated tussock
Nassella trichotoma
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Siam weed
Chromolaena odorata
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Sicilian sea lavender
Limonium hyblaeum
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Sicklethorn
Asparagus falcatus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Silverleaf nightshade
Solanum elaeagnifolium
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Silverleaf nightshade
Solanum elaeagnifolium
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Smooth tree pear
Opuntia monacantha
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Smooth tree pear
Opuntia monacantha
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Snakefeather
Asparagus scandens
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Snakefeather
Asparagus scandens
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Spiny rush
Juncus acutus
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Spongeplant
Limnobium spongia
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species of Limnobium are Prohibited Matter
Spotted knapweed
Centaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
St. John's wort
Hypericum perforatum
Regional Recommended Measure
An exclusion zone is established for all land in the region, except parts of: MidCoast Local Government Area, Muswellbrook Local Government Area, Upper Hunter Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Exclusion zone: Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Core infestation: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Sticky nightshade
Solanum sisymbriifolium
Regional recommended measure for Central Tablelands from February 2020
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Telegraph weed
Heterotheca grandiflora
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Tiger pear
Opuntia aurantiaca
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Tiger pear
Opuntia aurantiaca
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Tree-of-heaven
Ailanthus altissima
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Control Order
Tropical Soda Apple Control Zone: Whole of NSW
Tropical Soda Apple Control Zone (Whole of NSW): Owners and occupiers of land on which there is tropical soda apple must notify the local control authority of new infestations; destroy the plants including the fruit; ensure subsequent generations are destroyed; and ensure the land is kept free of the plant. A person who deals with a carrier of tropical soda apple must ensure the plant (and any seed and propagules) is not moved from the land; and immediately notify the local control authority of the presence of the plant on the land, or on or in a carrier.
Velvety tree pear
Opuntia tomentosa
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Velvety tree pear
Opuntia tomentosa
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Water caltrop
Trapa species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the Trapa genus are Prohibited Matter in NSW
Water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes
Biosecurity Zone
The Water Hyacinth Biosecurity Zone applies to all land within the State, except for the following regions: Greater Sydney or North Coast, North West (but only the local government area of Moree Plains), Hunter (but only in the local government areas of City of Cessnock, City of Lake Macquarie, MidCoast, City of Maitland, City of Newcastle or Port Stephens), South East (but only in the local government areas of Eurobodalla, Kiama, City of Shellharbour, City of Shoalhaven or City of Wollongong).
Within the Biosecurity Zone this weed must be eradicated where practicable, or as much of the weed destroyed as practicable, and any remaining weed suppressed. The local control authority must be notified of any new infestations of this weed within the Biosecurity Zone
Water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes
Regional Recommended Measure
A Water Hyacinth Biosecurity Zone, is established for all land within the Hunter Local Land Services region except land in the following local government areas: Cessnock Local Government Area, Lake Macquarie Local Government Area, MidCoast Local Government Area, Maitland Local Government Area, Newcastle Local Government Area, Port Stephens Local Government Area.
Entire Hunter Local Land Services region: A person must not, import into the State or sell. Within the biosecurity zone: If the weed is part of a new infestation of the weed on the land, notify the local control authority for the land as soon as practicable. Eradicate the weed or, if that is not practicable, destroy as much of the weed as is practicable and suppress the spread of any remaining weed. Outside the biosecurity zone: Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Water lettuce
Pistia stratiotes
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Water soldier
Stratiotes aloides
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
Water star grass
Heteranthera zosterifolia
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant. Notify local control authority if found.
Wheel cactus
Opuntia robusta
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
Wheel cactus
Opuntia robusta
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
White blackberry
Rubus niveus
Regional Recommended Measure
Notify local control authority if found. Land managers should eradicate the plant from the land and keep the land free of the plant. A person should not deal with the plant, where dealings include but are not limited to buying, selling, growing, moving, carrying or releasing the plant.
Willows
Salix species
Prohibition on certain dealings
Must not be imported into the state, sold, bartered, exchanged or offered for sale.
All species in the Salix genus have this requirement, except Salix babylonica (weeping willows ), Salix x calodendron (pussy willow) and Salix x reichardtii (sterile pussy willow)
Witchweeds
Striga species
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries
All species in the Striga genus are Prohibited Matter in NSW, except the native Striga parviflora
Yellow bells
Tecoma stans
Regional Recommended Measure
Land managers should mitigate the risk of the plant being introduced to their land. Land managers should mitigate spread of the plant from their land. A person should not buy, sell, move, carry or release the plant into the environment. Land managers should reduce the impact of the plant on assets of high economic, environmental and/or social value.
Yellow burrhead
Limnocharis flava
Prohibited Matter
A person who deals with prohibited matter or a carrier of prohibited matter is guilty of an offence. A person who becomes aware of or suspects the presence of prohibited matter must immediately notify the Department of Primary Industries

The content provided here is for information purposes only and is taken from the Biosecurity Act 2015 and its subordinate legislation, and the Regional Strategic Weed Management Plans (published by each Local Land Services region in NSW). It describes the state and regional priorities for weeds in New South Wales, Australia.