Cutch tree is a small thorny tree with fern-like leaves. It forms dense stands that outcompete other plants.
Cutch tree is a small tree 3–15 m tall with fern-like leaves and long, brown seed pods.
Secondary leaflets are:
Cutch tree has a tap root that reaches up to 2 m deep.
Cutch tree looks similar to:
They all have fern-like leaves and spines. Cutch tree has different bark from the other weeds. It is corky on young trees and dark and flakey on older trees. Also, the cutch tree seed pods have a distinctive beak.
This plant was previously named Acacia catechu.
Cutch tree has not been recorded in NSW. In Australia, cutch tree has only been found in Darwin in the Northern Territory. It had spread from the Darwin Botanic Gardens. This incursion is now considered to be eradicated.
Cutch tree is native to India, the Malay peninsula and Indonesia.
Cutch tree grows in subtropical and tropical climates. It prefers open woodlands and grasslands and invades degraded areas such as overgrazed grasslands and areas that are regularly burnt. It grows well on most soils, but thrives in well-drained, shallow to medium-depth sandy soils.
Cutch tree is very sensitive to shade and will not set seed in forest communities.
Cutch trees produce large numbers of seeds, which can survive in the soil for 20 years. Seeds and seed pods are spread:
CRC for Australian Weed Management: Ian Miller (NT DBIRD), Andrew Mitchell (AQIS/Weeds CRC), Blair Grace (NT DIPE/Weeds CRC), Sharon Wilson (NT Botanic Gardens) and John Thorp (National Weeds Management Facilitator).
CRC Weed Management (2003). Weed Management Guide: Cutch Tree Acacia catechu. Retrieved 2020 from: https://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/pubs/a-catechu.pdf
Parsons, W.T., & Cuthbertson, E. G. (2001). Noxious weeds of Australia. CSIRO publishing.
Few cutch tree infestations occur, so there is potential for new incursions to be eradicated before becoming established.
Contact your local council weeds officer as soon as possible if you suspect you have found any cutch trees. Do not try to control mature cutch trees without expert assistance.
When: After rain when soil is soft.
Follow up: Check sites at least three times a year for up to 20 years.
Hand-pull small seedlings or dig them out with a mattock. Remove as much of the root system as possible.
Drill or make cuts into the sapwood and fill with herbicide within 10 seconds of cutting.
See Using herbicides for more information.
Clopyralid 750 g/L
(Lontrel 750 SG Herbicide)
Rate: 200 g of product diluted into 2.5 L water (Apply 1 or 2 mL per cut)
Comments: Stem injection: Use 1 mL per cut for single stems less than 25 cm diameter at base. Use 2 mL per cut for multi-stem trees or stems more than 25 cm at the base. See label for critical comments.
Withholding period: Do not graze or cut for stock food for 7 days after application. For harvesting up to 12 weeks, see label for details.
Herbicide group: I, Disruptors of plant cell growth (synthetic auxins)
Resistance risk: Moderate
The content provided here is for information purposes only and is taken from the Biosecurity Act 2015 and its subordinate legislation, and the Regional Strategic Weed Management Plans (published by each Local Land Services region in NSW). It describes the state and regional priorities for weeds in New South Wales, Australia.
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All plants are regulated with a general biosecurity duty to prevent, eliminate or minimise any biosecurity risk they may pose. Any person who deals with any plant, who knows (or ought to know) of any biosecurity risk, has a duty to ensure the risk is prevented, eliminated or minimised, so far as is reasonably practicable.